Archive issues

Author: Dominique Valbelle, Mohamed Abd El- Maksoud, Jean-Yves Carrez-Maratray   |   Pages: 699–712



A limestone slab, discovered in Tell Hebwa I by a SCA team of the North Sinai Inspectorate bore two unique scenes showing Thutmose III and [Hatshepsut] making some offerings respectively to Horus, lord of Mesen and to Horus lord of Tjaru. The identity and the specificity of both gods is followed until the Ptolemaic and Roman times inside the XIV province of Lower Egypt, where the importance of Tjaru has been revealed recently by Egyptian diggings under the direction of Mohamed Abd el-Maksoud. Despite the place given by Tanis to Horus of Mesen during the Thirtieth Dynasty and the beginning of the Ptolemaic period, the priests of Edfu and Dendera gave a large place to Horus of Mesen and to the theology connected to the Eastern border. While the politic evolution of Egypt under the Ptolemies and the Romans produced a new administrative distribution of territories in Lower Egypt, the regional pre-eminence of that god is still observable on some Tanite and Sethroite coins.



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